[In memory of Christie M. I made this version of moussaka for the first time in my life for her last birthday.]
that which is fed liquid

Layered Vegetable Casserole

This casserole is a celebration of vegetables! Look at the list of ingredients. Their variety is stunning! That’s why the complexity of this dish flavors conquers the taste buds of vegetarians and carnivores alike. Just like any other layered dish, benefits from being cooked in advance, set in a refrigerator for a few hours and reheated portioned right before serving. It helps to develop flavors and keep colorful layers presentable.

Vegetable Moussaka
Vegetable Moussaka

Cooking Methods and Tools

This recipe is laborious. The time you spend on prepping vegetables depends on your knife skills and how you can organize the cooking process. If you have a large oven or grill, precooking vegetables will be fast and easy. Preheat them to the highest temperature before you start slicing vegetables. If you need to pan-fry them, it’s going to take much longer. Besides the vegetables, two sauces have to be ready before you start assembling the casserole. That’s why it is important to multitask to reduce the time spent in the kitchen.

Vegetable "Moussaka"

Prep Time30 mins
Cook Time1 hr
Total Time2 hrs 30 mins
Course: Appetizer, Main Dish
Cuisine: Greek
Keyword: artichoke, casserole, cheese, eggplant, garlic, herb, legume, lycooking, lyukum cooking lab, onion, potato, recipe, roasted, sauce, tomato, vegetables
Servings: 1 3" deep quarter-size pan



  • 1.5 lb potatoes large, Yukon Gold preferred
  • 3 lb eggplant
  • 1.5 lb zucchini
  • 5 cloves garlic
  • 1 each onion
  • 1 can garbanzo beans 14-oz can
  • 1 jar roasted red bell pepper 14-oz jar, roasted and peeled
  • 1 can diced tomatoes 14-oz can
  • 1 can tomato puree 14-oz can
  • 1 tsp oregano dry, adjust to taste
  • 1 tsp basil dry, adjust to taste
  • 1 tsp chervil dry, adjust to taste
  • 2 tsp parsley dry, adjust to taste
  • 2 tsp salt adjust to taste
  • 1 tsp black pepper freshly ground, adjust to taste
  • 1/2 cup Feta cheese crumbled
  • 1/2 cup Parmesan grated
  • 1/3 cup olive oil for spraying vegetables

for bechamel

  • 3 tbsp butter
  • 3 tbsp flour all-purpose
  • 3 cups milk
  • 1 each bay leaf
  • 0.5 each onion burned
  • 1 each clove
  • 1 pinch nutmeg freshly ground
  • 1 pinch black pepper freshly ground
  • 1 pinch salt adjust to taste


  • Preheat grill for searing. Preheat oven 450F.
  • Wash, dry, cut off the stems, and slice eggplants and zucchini 1/3" thin alongside. Spray or brush them with olive oil and season with salt and pepper.
  • Prepare two half-size baking sheets and two silicone mats. Wash, dry, peel, and slice potatoes 1/8" thin alongside. Arrange overlapping layers of potatoes on a baking sheet lined with a silicone mat, spray them with olive oil, season with salt and pepper, cover with another silicone mat, and place the second baking sheet on top. Bake for 30 minutes.
  • Meanwhile, grill sliced eggplants and zucchini.
  • Start making the bechamel. Burn half an onion over an open fire. In a saute pan, melt butter, add flour, cook stirring until it smells like cookie dough, whisk in 1 cup of milk, add the rest of the milk whisking, add all seasons, and cook over low heat for about 15 minutes stirring from time to time. Strain it through the sieve and discard solids when done.
  • Meanwhile, peel and dice an onion. Peel and chop garlic. Strain and dice bell peppers. Strain garbanzo beans. Open cans with tomato puree and diced tomatoes. In a saute pan, heat 1 tbsp of olive oil and saute onions. Add peppers and diced tomatoes and cook stirring for 1-2 minutes. Add garlic, herbs, and garbanzo beans, season and simmer over low heat until most of the liquid is evaporated. Check the seasoning and adjust if needed.
  • Assemble the casserole. Start with lining the quarter-size deep pan with half of the eggplant slices.
    Vegetable Moussaka: Eggplants Layer
  • Next, arrange a layer half of the zucchini slices.
    Vegetable Moussaka: Zucchini Layer
  • Evenly spread tomato, bell pepper, and garbanzo beans layer. Sprinkle the top with crumbled Feta cheese.
    Vegetable Moussaka: Tomato, Bell Pepper, and Garbanzo Beans Layer
  • Carefully transfer half of the overlapping potatoes to cover the red layer.
    Vegetable Moussaka: Potato Layer
  • Repeat zucchini and eggplant layers to finish with the second half of potatoes and bechamel. Sprinkle with grated parmesan, arrange artichoke hearts and bake in the preheated 400F oven until the top layer is slightly caramelized, for about an hour. Timing depends on the initial temperature of the layered vegetables and sauces.
    Vegetable Moussaka: Top Layer with Béchamel and artichokes
  • All layers of this casserole are cooked before the assembled dish goes to the oven, so we are only heating them all through to let the individual flavors like single notes to combine into a song. After that, the dish can be served hot, or you can let it cool down to the room temperature and then set for a few hours in a refrigerator to make portioning easier. To serve a small number of portions, reheat in a microwave. Otherwise, heat in the 350F oven, covered with foil to prevent overdrying.
    Vegetable Moussaka: Served Hot
Vegetable Moussaka